Electronic Risk Management Architecture

© Fraunhofer FIT

The current state of risk management can be characterised by the availability of many heterogeneous information sources. The question arises of how to draw conclusions from existing sources for the purpose of task planning, i.e.

  • how to assess the current and future risk level for a specific type of event,
  • how to support team collaboration with information technology means,
  • how to govern the work flow processes in a collaborative way, and
  • how to reach and advise affected people, be it a member of the professional rescue forces or a citizen.

ERMA seeks to employ this information in combination with existing technology in order to provide risk assessment and communicate services in particular with the citizens before, during and after incidents.


ERMA strives to support the needs of small and medium-sized communities in order to assist them in the creation and efficient management of the individual crisis management tasks they are in charge of. In detail, ERMA will assist small and medium-sized communities to:

  • Access monitored sensor data related to various natural and industrial risks existing within their district, i.e., enable proper risk assessment.
  • Define and employ process guidelines for risk management procedures, i.e. support proper workflow for risk analysis and response.
  • Deploy and manage enhanced emergency telecommunications systems and implement a public communication system devoted to the information of citizens, i.e. support appropriate dissemination and warning procedures.
  • Integrate and connect partners from various sectors, e.g. public, private and associated sectors, i.e. provide a collaboration platform for the exchange of information among different stakeholders.
  • Prepare the elements (organizational/technical) for the implementation of a risk management network at a local scale, i.e. install and customize the platform to local requirements.

ERMA will build an innovative prototype that targets the requirements of small and medium-sized communities. ERMA will link with existing risk management initiatives and pursue information exchange, discussion, and reuse of research results and components with a particular focus in mind: migrate these results to small and medium-sized communities. Of specific importance is the fact that the consortium includes several small to medium-sized companies with innovative product portfolios. The ERMA project will develop a comprehensive risk management prototype which is based on the orchestration of relevant systems thanks to the application of service-oriented architectures, and interfaces to other systems will augment the ERMA service portfolio where needed.

FIT Contribution

Fraunhofer FIT supports project ERMA through

  • technical and scientific coordination,
  • design and implementation of the decision component and workflow module, and
  • support in the development of business models for exploitation after project end (based on active research and experiences made in the domain of public-private-partnerships).
ERMA was partly funded by the European Commission under 6th Framework Programme, strategic objective "ICT for Environmental Risk Management".